A sedentary lifestyle is one where a person either doesn’t partake in any physical activity at all or only engages in irregular physical activity. People who have office jobs that require them to spend most of the day sitting at their desk, or people who spend most of their lives sitting, either reading, watching television or playing computer games lead a sedentary lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle can be dangerous to one’s health for a list of reasons, and can be prevented by simply adding more steps as well as a regular exercise routine to one’s routine.
Sitting more than four hours a day without exercise can lead to problems
International research has found that sitting more than four hours a day with no regular exercise routine can lead to the enzymes responsible for burning fat shutting down and a reduced metabolic rate. This leads to more serious risks, which will be discussed in the following.
The first thing that you are at danger of if you lead a sedentary lifestyle is obesity. Evidence suggests that those who do not get enough physical activity are at risk of obesity. Simply standing at your desk for three hours a day can lead to burning extra calories. Studies have also shown that walking for an hour every day can reduce the risk of obesity by 24%.
Blood pressure and lack of exercise
A lack of regular physical activity can also lead to high blood pressure. Some studies suggest that even if you reach the recommended levels of exercise but spend the majority of the rest of your time sitting down, you are still at risk of having high blood pressure.
Heart disease is another thing that people who lead a sedentary lifestyle are at risk of having. Because muscles burn less fat and blood flows slower during a long sit, fat and cholesterol clog the heart more easily. People with a sedentary lifestyle have also been proven to be at the highest risk of heart attack.
When you stand and are active, your body uses your abdominal and other muscles to support you. Thus, a sedentary lifestyle can lead to muscle degeneration. A lifestyle that includes a lot of sitting can lead to tight back muscles and untoned abdominal muscles, leading to bad posture and all that accompanies it.
Moreover, spending most of the day sitting can lead to backache and neck pain, as this lifestyle lends itself to an inflexible spine, making one more prone to spinal and back injuries. Likewise, a job that requires one to sit most of the day at a desk, looking at a computer, can strain the cervical vertebra leading to neck pain. Bones need regular physical activity to maintain their strength. Thus, those who are not active experience bone loss at a much faster rate than those who lead active lifestyles.
Lastly, a sedentary lifestyle can lead to feelings of anxiety and depression. Physical activity is an excellent way to manage anxiety and depression, thus reducing mood swings and maintaining all round emotional well-being.
These are just some of the risks of leading a sedentary lifestyle; others include diabetes, osteoporosis, and lastly a higher risk of getting colon or breast cancer. It is, therefore, important to make sure that you maintain a regular exercise routine if your lifestyle lends itself to a lot of sitting, and look for ways to add more steps and physical activity into your day.
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